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Global Citizen Project: Research Notes and Citations

MLA Citations

  • To avoid plagiarism, make sure you give credit to your research sources. This includes anything somebody said, wrote, emailed, drew, or implied. If you had to find it because you did not already know it, you must cite it.
  • Citations will follow MLA 8th edition formatting. Use Noodle Tools to create your Works Cited.
  • If you have questions, please ask.

Why is note-taking important?

You need to do research to collect facts and expert opinions to support your point. What is important for others to know? Good note-taking helps you do that. It will prevent you from plagiarizing (copying sentences word for word).

Even changing a few words of a sentence is still plagiarism because you are stealing the author's original sentence structure and idea.

What is a good note card?

Good note cards:

  • Facts or statistics about the problem
  • Facts or statistics about the location (that are relevant to the problem)
  • Opinions about causes of the problem
  • Opinions about solutions to the problem

Steps to Good Note-Taking

1. Figure out your research question. What information are you looking for?

2. Skim:

  • Headings
  • First and last sentence
  • First and last paragraph
  • Bold and italicized words

3. Scan: Look quickly at the text, searching for keywords, related words, and answers to your questions

4. Read deeper when you find important text.

5. Use these note-taking strategies:

  • Quote: Copy the quotation exactly as it appears in the original source.
  • Paraphrase: Restate the author's ideas in your own words
  • Need to Know: which need-to-know does this information answer

Citing a Website

How do I cite a Website or a webpage?

Common elements needed:

  • Author
  • Title
  • Name of the Web site or Project
  • Editor of the page or site
  • Publisher or sponsor
  • Date of the publication
  • URL
  • Accessed on date

Questions to Answer

Questions you need to know for your project:

     1. Define and explain your problem

     2. What causes your problem?

     3. How does it affect people, animals, or the Earth?

     4. What should we do to help fix the problem?

Logging In to NoodleTools

Creating a Project & Citing Databases

Citing Books